An introduction to the history of the civil war in the united states

These states agreed to form a new federal government, the Confederate States of Americaon February 4, With shuddering horror, they pointed to an insurrection of blacks that had occurred in Santo Domingoto a brief slave rebellion led by the African American Gabriel in Virginia into a plot of CharlestonSouth Carolinablacks headed by Denmark Vesey inand, especially, to a bloody and determined Virginia insurrection led by Nat Turner in as evidence that African Americans had to be kept under iron control.

The emerging commercial elites needed a mechanism to insure a stable and orderly work force, a stable and orderly environment for the conduct of business, and the maintenance of what they referred to as the "collective good" Spitzer and Scull Southerners, determined that their rights should be guaranteed by law, insisted upon a Democratic candidate willing to protect slavery in the territories; and they rejected Stephen A.

Brooksa South Carolina congressman, brutally attacked Sen. Following the Civil War, these vigilante-style organizations evolved in modern Southern police departments primarily as a means of controlling freed slaves who were now laborers working in an agricultural caste system, and enforcing "Jim Crow" segregation laws, designed to deny freed slaves equal rights and access to the political system.

It was his election that triggered the southern states leaving and the Civil War. Therefore it had a more industrialized society where most people worked in factories, and did not follow a class system.

After a hour bombardment, Maj. The Civil War lasted longer than it was expected to. November In a battle that lasts for three days from Novemberthe Union Army headed by Gen. They wrote their own Constitution and even had their own president, Jefferson Davis.

Introduction to United States History: Colonial Period to the Civil War (saylor.org)

Another major problem that occurred was the competition between the North and South for more land. The Crittenden Compromise of was an expression of this view. Grant 's command of all Union armies in Though on the surface the Civil War may have seemed a lopsided conflict, with the 23 states of the Union enjoying an enormous advantage in population, manufacturing including arms production and railroad construction, the Confederates had a strong military tradition, along with some of the best soldiers and commanders in the nation.

This caused continuous unrest between the two regions. Halleck, though he remained in command of the Army of the Potomac. Over the course of the decade, the two sides became increasingly polarized and politicians less able to contain the dispute through compromise.

At first, the new states carved out of these territories entering the union were apportioned equally between slave and free states. The first formal slave patrol was created in the Carolina colonies in Reichel On May 22 Preston S.

The major… Prelude to war The secession of the Southern states in chronological order, South CarolinaMississippiFloridaAlabamaGeorgiaLouisianaTexasVirginiaArkansasTennesseeand North Carolina in —61 and the ensuing outbreak of armed hostilities were the culmination of decades of growing sectional friction over slavery.

Yet, to Southerners, as late asthis appeared to be a sound business decision.

The History of Policing in the United States, Part 1

On April 9, in Virginia, Gen. In the early colonies policing took two forms. It fails to ask the question, states' rights for what purpose. Vann Woodward said of the latter group, A great slave society With the backing of Pres.

American Civil War

The commanders of Confederate Army are Gen. Socially, the North and the South were built on different standards. Also, both the North and the South had different views on how the government should operate.

Vigorous nativist movements appeared in most cities during the s; but not until the s, when the huge numbers of Irish and German immigrants of the previous decade became eligible to vote, did the antiforeign fever reach its peak.

The American Civil War was a war fought within the United States of America between the North (Union) and the South (Confederacy) starting from and ending in This war was one of the most destructive events in American history, costing more thanlives.

An introduction to a history of the second American war for independence or the Civil War in the United States prefaced by a treatise on the "Democratic principle" and on "Natural government". United States History: for beginners - US History Basics (until Civil War) - North American history (US History Books - US History - US History for - Introduction to American History Book 1)Reviews: The American Civil War was fought between southern and northern states of the United States.

The southern states didn't want to be part of the United States any more and decided to make their own country. However, the northern states wanted to stay one country. The South (Confederacy) When the. The new president, Andrew Johnson, had to go through the process of reconstruction, which was putting the United States back together after the Civil War.

During this time, the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments to the Constitution were passed, A Patriot's History of the United States. The military history of the United States spans a period of over two centuries.

HIST212: Introduction to United States History - Reconstruction to the Present

During those years, the United States evolved from a new nation fighting Great Britain for independence (–), through the monumental American Civil War (–) and, after collaborating in triumph during World War II (–), to the world's sole .

An introduction to the history of the civil war in the united states
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American Civil War - Wikipedia